In his paper, "There is good news: the U.S. still boasts the world’s greatest concentration of scientists and leading research universities. What’s more, entirely new classes of research tools are emerging: from microscopes that view molecules in real time, to big data analytics that model or emulate reality, to cognitive computing that amplifies scientists’ explorations. In addition, private-sector spending on overall R&D—already fourfold greater than federal spending—is rising, although mainly in applied domains."
For the OpEd: http://www.forbes.com/sites/markpmills/2015/02/25/budget-wars-threaten-basic-science-and-future-innovation/
For the report: http://www.manhattan-institute.org/html/eper_15.htm#.VPI8DPnF_E5