Separately, the National Science Foundation during the Reagan administration developed new industry partnership programs like the Engineering Research Center program, while many state governments developed university-industry research centers to grow technology-oriented businesses. Both of these types of initiatives spurred industry funding. As a result, the share of university research funded by industry increased from 4.9 percent in 1980 to a high of 7.4 percent in 1999. The share has fallen since then, even as federal funds have dropped overall. In 2016, industry funded just 5.9 percent of U.S. academic research.
This share varies considerably between states, however, from a high of 12.1 percent in North Carolina to just 1.7 percent in Nevada. The five leading states are North Carolina, Georgia, Kansas, Ohio, and Missouri. Leading states generally have strong research universities and at least a moderately robust advanced-industry economy with firms that benefit from more industrially relevant university research. In addition, many of the leading states, such as Georgia, North Carolina, Ohio, and Utah have long had robust state-supported technology-commercialization programs, such as the Georgia Research Alliance, which try to link industry and university research.
The states where industry contributes less than 2 percent of all research funding are Nevada, Rhode Island, Nebraska, Hawaii, South Dakota, New Mexico, and Montana. Lagging states generally have lower-ranked, less-well-funded research universities and fewer technology-based firms.
For the details: http://www2.itif.org/2018-industry-funding-university-research.pdf