The Department of Energy (DOE) historically accounts for most of FFRDC funding. DOE provided about 51% of FFRDC funding in 2019 ($11.4 billion). By 2022, the funding rose to nearly 56%, or $14.5 billion.
The Department of Defense (DOD) accounts for the next largest share. DOD represented 22% of total funding from FY 2019–2021 before dropping to just under 21% in FY 2022. In terms of dollars, DOD’s funding of FFRDCs has increased from a little over $5 billion in FY 2019 to $5.4 billion in FY 2022.
The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) funds the next largest share. Like DOD, NASA has seen a decrease in its percentage of total funding. In FY 2019, NASA accounted for approximately 13%, before dropping to slightly over 10% in FY 2022. But, unlike DOD, NASA’s funding in dollars has decreased, dropping from $2.9 billion in FY 2019 to $2.7 billion in FY 2022.