While the total was up slightly from the 1,003 institutions reported in the previous year, NSF also found that larger community divided a federal pie that was 3 percent or $900 million less than 2014, in constant dollars.
The FY 2015 total figure of $27,747 million was 6 percent less than the 2012 total of $29,580 million, also in constant dollars.
Not all of the largest federal agencies cut their funding obligations.
Meanwhile, the National Institutes of Health, the Department of Defense and NSF all cut their contributions to the nation’s academic research enterprise.
The report also identifies the 20 universities that captured the most federal obligations for FY 2015.
Nineteen of the 20 are repeat performers from FY 2014, NSF reports; MIT replaced Cornell University this year. Together, these 20 accounted for 36 percent of all S&E obligations in FY 2015:
1. Johns Hopkins
2. University of Washington
3. University of Michigan
4. University of California, San Diego
5. University of California, San Francisco
6. University of Pennsylvania
7. Stanford University
8. Columbia University in the City of New York
9. University of California, Los Angeles
10. University of Pittsburgh
11. Harvard University
12. Duke University
13. University of Colorado, Boulder
14. University of Wisconsin, Madison
15. University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
16. Washington University, Saint Louis
17. University of Minnesota
18. Yale University
19. Pennsylvania State University
20. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Compiled by the NSF National Center for Science & Engineering Statistics each year, the Survey of Federal Science and Engineering Support to Universities, Colleges, and Nonprofit Institutions captures obligations across six categories:
- Research and development (R&D) (89% of total annual federal academic S&E obligations over the past 4 years);
- R&D plant;
- Facilities and equipment for instruction in S&E;
- Fellowships, traineeships, and training grants;
- General support for S&E; and,
- Other S&E activities.