Medicines in development include therapies for multiple myeloma, cystic fibrosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and enzyme deficiency disorders, providing treatment options for patients that had few or no treatment options before.
Today, there are 7,000 known rare diseases, or diseases that affect fewer than 200,000 people in the United States.
Given the relatively small number of patients each rare disease affects and the complexity of these diseases, the development of new treatments and cures is complicated.
“Biopharmaceutical researchers continue to persevere against numerous challenges in their quest to develop new treatments that can address patients’ unmet medical needs, specifically for those with rare diseases,” said Stephen J. Ubl, president and chief executive officer of PhRMA.
“While we are encouraged by the progress to date, it is critical to maintain an ecosystem that fosters and encourages the development of new medicines for the 30 million Americans currently living with a rare disease that still has few or no treatment options,” Ubl added.
The new report, “Medicines in Development for Rare Diseases,” takes an in-depth look at the more than 560 orphan drugs which utilize new approaches for targeting diseases.
Examples of the medicines currently in development include:
- 151 for rare cancers and 82 for rare blood cancers;
- 148 for genetic disorders, including cystic fibrosis and spinal muscular atrophy;
- 38 for neurological disorders, including ALS and seizures;
- 31 for infectious diseases, including rare bacterial infections and hepatitis; and
- 25 for autoimmune diseases, including systemic sclerosis and juvenile arthritis.
The neurological disorder ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease, is just one of the numerous rare diseases with no cure. New therapies under development, like antisense technology against SOD1, are a step toward helping patients and their families manage this disease.
“It is collaborative efforts between biopharmaceutical researchers, patients and disease groups like ours that are driving the search for new treatments for ALS,” said Barbara Newhouse, president and chief executive officer of The ALS Association. “As we learn more and more about this debilitating disease, the prospect of a cure is becoming a reality – giving patients and their families new hope.”
The Pharmaceutical Research and Manufacturers of America (PhRMA) represents the country’s leading innovative biopharmaceutical research companies, which are devoted to discovering and developing medicines that enable patients to live longer, healthier, and more productive lives.
Since 2000, PhRMA member companies have invested more than $600 billion in the search for new treatments and cures, including an estimated $51.2 billion in 2014 alone.
To visit PhRMA’s information-packed blog, The Catalyst, click here.